Blood clots form unexpectedly and can grow as fast as by 50 centimeters in 24 hours. Until now, scientists have been unable to predict their appearance and behavior.
The so-called "silent killers" cause instant death by blocking major blood vessels.
"Blood clots are a product of a whole 'protein factory' where up to 50 proteins are involved in 300 reactions," said Mikhail Panteleyev, a leading researcher at the Center for Theoretical Problems of Physicochemical Pharmacology at the Russian Academy of Sciences.
"We have created a mathematical model of the formation of blood clots and 'played' with it, trying to understand how the process works," Panteleyev said. "After that, we spent several years testing our hypotheses in a variety of experiments."
The results of the research have been published in major scientific magazines.
The Russian scientists quickly moved from theory to practical application of their discoveries with the help of Russia's nanotechnologies corporation Rosnano.
The specialists developed a special nano-coating, which provokes the growth of a protein responsible for the formation of blood clots and enables doctors to ascertain the possibility of their appearance in the blood vessels.
The process is quite simple — a drop of blood is put on a strip covered with special nano-coating. Doctors monitor the growth of a clot for about 30 minutes, and by its size, consistency and other parameters determine the threat.
Russia spent over a billion rubles ($322 mln) on the project, but the estimated financial gains from the invention are enormous, Rossiiskaya Gazeta said.
Experts believe that annual revenues from the sales of early-warning detectors of blood clots could be as high as 500 million euros on the European markets alone.