During the height of the Cold War the Soviet Union built up a network of “Naukograd” or “Science Cities”. These were state-created clusters of scientists working on technologies that could help it compete with the West, especially in the field of nuclear weapons and space exploration. Those days are of course long gone, but today Russia – though now freed from the days of the old USSR – now faces a new race: how to revive its economy, compete globally in the next industrial revolution of science and technology and wean itself off its reliance on oil and gas.
The Fukushima incident has contributed to the lay belief that nuclear energy is a risk not worth taking. Although, according to the data of the non-profit World Nuclear Association only a very limited number of accidents occurred in over 14,500 cumulative reactor-years of commercial nuclear power operation in 32 countries. Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima are the most notorious examples of “Houston, we have a problem” crisis situations. Is it possible to find balance between reasonable public concerns and nuclear generation crucial for economic growth? Russian experience in the reconstruction of global nuclear confidence can offer some interesting solutions in post-Fukishima world.
Russia’s Federal Agency for Mineral Resources forecasts the discovery of large deposits of hydrocarbon in the south of Kara Sea. This concerns gas, gas condensate and oil and gas condensate deposits. Work on the shelf is very expensive and quite complicated, but there is no alternative.
MOSCOW and CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Feb. 21, 2013 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- MIT Technology Review, an independent media company founded at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, becomes a Knowledge Producer for the Open Innovations Forum, the premier summit for technology, investment and entrepreneurship in Russia. MIT Technology Review produces publications read by a global community of nearly five million business leaders, innovators, developers, tech entrepreneurs, academics and government officials in six languages and on a variety of digital and print platforms. Their live events bring the award-winning journalism to life around the world.
The European Auto Industry in 2012 declined again for the 5th consecutive year, with sales down by more than 8 per cent. Every mass market OEM has been struggling in the region, to the extent that the French government have offered guaranteed state loans to PSA Peugeot Citroen, which is under review by the European Commission.